Laser cleaning of paper: Cleaning efficiency and irradiation dose

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Publication Type:

Journal Article


Saira Arif; Wolfgang Kautek;


Studies in Conservation, Volume 60, Number S1, p.S97-S105 (2015)


A systematic experimental study applying nanosecond laser pulses with 532 nm radiation to a specially selected set of historical paper samples exhibiting a broad range of composition and origin was undertaken to develop a quantitative irradiation dose model. This allows the optimisation of laser pulse number and fluence in order to maximise cleaning efficiency while excluding substrate modifications such as yellowing or destruction.