The <i>Virgin and Child</i> from the church of Dal (Norway): examination and restoration

User menu

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Plahter, Unn; Wilk, Svein A.;


Studies in conservation, Volume 15, Number 4, p.304-315 (1970)


foil, Norway (Dal), pigment, polychromy, sculpture, wood


A polychromed sculpture was restored and examined. The shrine is made from pine and the sculpture from oak. The ground consists of chalk and animal glue; the pigments are: azurite, a green copper pigment, yellow organic coloring material, orpiment, red lead, vermilion, red organic coloring material, iron oxide red, lead white and charred matter (charcoal?). Metals used are gold and silver. The medium is on a drying-oil base to which a protein-containing material is added. Generally, the colors were built up in two layers. There is an extensive use of imitation gold, while the use of gold foil is limited to the areas of hair and the flowers on the garments. In general, the wood in all parts of the object was in good condition and no general impregnation was needed. Cracks in the shrine were filled in with wood or rejoined. The sculpture, which was split in two, was glued together. The condition of the polychromy was relatively good, and only local treatment was required.