The conservation and relocation of a monumental petrachrome mural: Helen Lundeberg’s The History of Transportation

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Publication Type:

Conference Paper


Lowinger, Rosa; Morse, Andrea;


Conservation and Access: Contributions to the 2008 IIC Congress, London, p.0-0 (2008)


The History of Transportation is a 240 foot long (73 metre) cement-and-aggregate pictorial mural located in Inglewood, California. Created in1940 by Pasadena painter and muralist Helen Lundeberg, the mural was once situated along one of southern California’s most traveled commuter arteries. Changes in traffic patterns and demographics left the mural in a state of neglect over the years, subjecting it to structural and surface decay, including copious acts of vandalism that left it all but unreadable as an artwork. The mural’s multi-faceted conservation program, carried out 2003–2007, was predicated on its relocation. Indeed, had it not been possible to remove and relocate this large-scale architectural artwork, the extensive repairs, graffiti removal, structural reinforcement, and mitigation of erosion that were carried out during treatment would have been ified almost immediately after re-installation. Therefore, the plan for relocation to a site extensively used by the public was the essential component in this project.